When it comes to reducing COVID-19 exposure risks in the workplace, there are several options available. Control measures are categorized as engineering controls (equipment or physical structures to reduce exposures), administrative controls (policies and procedures), and personal protective equipment or PPE (protective equipment that is worn by employees). Engineering controls are generally more effective than administrative controls, and PPE should be used as a last resort. We have provided several examples of control measures that you should consider. Choose the ones that would work best for your business, and include them in your written CPP.

Engineering Controls

  • Increase air filter efficiency of HVAC to highest compatible Minimum Efficiency Reporting Values (MERV) rating
  • Provide portable HEPA air filters
  • Maximize amount of outdoor air entering the building
  • Minimize amount of air recirculated through the HVAC system
  • Install UVGI air disinfection
  • Install physical barriers between people
  • Install a drive-thru customer service window
  • Install hands-free faucets, soap dispensers, paper towel dispensers, door openers, trash cans, lighting, etc.
  • Use leak-proof pad or sheet as physical barrier for contact with surfaces that cannot be disinfected

Administrative Controls

  • Symptom screen employees and visitors entering workplace
  • Physical distancing – maintaining at least 6 feet or separation between people
    • Allow working from home whenever possible
    • Allow only required/essential employees and visitors access to the workplace
    • Hold meetings/trainings via a virtual platform such as Zoom, WebEx
    • Rearrange stationary work stations to be at least 6 feet apart from each other; mark floor around work station to indicate space employee should stay within
    • Stagger shift start times and breaks
    • Mark the floor to show where people should stand 6 feet apart when in lines, e.g. bathrooms, symptom screening station, food vendors
    • Arrange seating in break areas to be 6 feet apart and remove extra seating
    • Establish one-way pedestrian traffic routes for stairways and aisles and provide visual cues
    • Use phones/headsets/radios for some face to face communication so participants can be further apart
  • Require face coverings at all times regardless of physical distancing
  • Provide time for employees to wash/sanitize their hands frequently
  • Provide additional handwashing sinks or hand sanitizer stations
  • Discontinue non-essential travel (for work purposes)
  • Cover coughs and sneezes
  • Prohibit the sharing of tools and other workplace equipment. Provide additional tools and equipment so they can be assigned to individual users
  • Use emails and paper forms and/drop boxes to collect information or products from customers or employees to reduce contact time during in-person visits
  • Clean and sanitize environmental surfaces frequently or on a daily schedule
  • Post informational signage throughout facility, e.g. symptoms, transmission routes, physical distancing, face coverings, hand hygiene, cleaning and disinfection. Do not touch your eyes, mouth, nose or face with unwashed hands
  • Provide training on COVID-19 symptoms, how the virus is spread, methods to prevent transmission, proper use of PPE, proper use and care of face coverings
  • Inspect the workplace or areas of special concern regularly to ensure that plan is being followed

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  • Air-purifying respirator equipped with particulate filters N95 or better
  • Powered air-purifying respirator equipped with particulate filters N95 or better
  • Face shield
  • Safety goggles/glasses
  • Disposable gloves
  • Disposable shoe covers
  • Disposable bouffant cap or cover for hair