Improper lifting, pushing, pulling, and overreaching are common causes of strains and sprains. Any job that requires your employees to sit or stand in an awkward position for long periods of time can cause excess stress and strain on muscles. Most strains and sprains affect the back, arms, ankles, and shoulders. However, there are some very simple steps your employees can take to prevent or minimize body strains and sprains.

Many strains and sprains occur because of poor material handling. Injuries can occur when workers try to pull or lift a heavy or awkward object without help or lift an object while twisting from the waist. Workers lift things that weigh too much or they lift incorrectly. Lift correctly by bending the knees, not the back. Carry loads close to the body. Before any heavy lifting activity, be sure to warm up by doing moderate stretching exercises.